Avalokitesvara Sutra

新手入门是每个应用程序最重要的元素之一。很多时候,它的难易程度决定了用户是否会继续使用应用程序。在用户界面上,新手入门不仅仅是简单的5个介绍软件的页面或说明性的工具提示内容。下面我会使用最有趣的例子来描述新手入门过程的设计原则。

Speaking of Buddhist idols, Guanyin Bodhisattva is definitely a household name. Since the Song Dynasty, every household has worshiped Amitabha and every household has worshiped Avalokitesvara. Why recite Guanyin?

The answer to this must be found in the Avalokitesvara Sutra. How was the Avalokitesvara Sutra introduced into our country, and how did it become popular?

Statue of Guanyin Bodhisattva, south wall of Cave 57 of Mogao Grottoes, early Tang Dynasty

The “Avalokiteśvara Sutra” is an important classic of Mahayana Buddhism. The earliest one is actually the “Avalokitesvara Bodhisattva Universal Door” of the “Miaoho Lotus Sutra” (referred to as the “Lotus Sutra”).

Later, because the ancients thought it was too useful, the “Pu Men Pin” gradually became independent from the “Lotus Sutra” and became the “Avalokitesvara Sutra” that circulated independently.

Therefore, the origin of the “Avalokiteśvara Sutra” must start from the “Lotus Sutra”.

First volume of Avalokitesvara Bodhisattva’s Universal Door, Dunhuang Document S.6983

According to the “Preface to the Lotus Sutra”: One day, many people gathered on the Vulture Mountain in Wangshe City to attend the annual summary meeting of the Buddhist Academy convened by Teacher Sakyamuni.

What to summarize? Summarize everyone’s learning experience!

The participants of this summary meeting include Kassapa, Ananda and other ten disciples, his aunt Mahaprajapati and their relatives and friends, as well as Manjushri, Avalokitesvara, Mahasthamaprapta, Chang Jingjin, Medicine King, Maitreya, and Baoji There are 80,000 other great bodhisattvas, as well as the gods of the heavens, Sakyamuni, Brahma, the four heavenly kings, the eight dragon kings, asuras, garudas, kings and other family members and retainers.

The Vulture Society of the Lotus Sutra, Cave 61 of Mogao Grottoes, Five Dynasties

Everyone gathered around Teacher Sakyamuni, greeting and praising the greatness of the teacher.

At the beginning of the conference, Teacher Sakyamuni first gave everyone a speech on the “Infinite Meaning Sutra” and thanked all the great Bodhisattvas and disciples for coming to summarize. Then he began to meditate quietly and listened to everyone’s discussion, and entered the supreme and indescribable realm.

At this time, colorful flowers began to bloom from the top of Lingjiu Mountain, falling on everyone in a noisy manner, and six kinds of vibrating roars were heard.

Everyone attending the meeting had never seen such a wonderful scene before, and they were all deeply affected by this wonderful and fantastic scenery. Everyone praised it and clasped their hands in salute.

Complete picture of the transformation of the Lotus Sutra, Cave 159 of Mogao Grottoes, mid-Tang Dynasty

When I turned around to look at Teacher Sakyamuni, I saw the white hair between Teacher Sakyamuni’s brows shining brightly, reflecting the infinite world, from heaven to hell. The lives of the six categories of sentient beings were all clear, just like a movie.

Not only can you see, but you can also hear the sutras spoken by the Buddhas, see various extraordinary appearances and magical powers, as well as the Nirvana of the Buddhas and the construction of Buddha relic pagodas, etc.

Maybe there really is time travel. Who turned on the projector in the classroom? Yes, this is the wonderful world of images that Teacher Sakyamuni showed to everyone at the Buddhist Academy’s summary meeting.

At this time, the student Maitreya thought to himself, Teacher Sakyamuni has never described such a world before? Maybe the learned Manjusri knows, go and ask him.

So Maitreya asked Manjusri in the form of a verse: “Why does the teacher show us such a strange scene?”

Manjusri had seen Teacher Sakyamuni display his divine power, and replied that this was the preparation work before Teacher Sakyamuni began to teach the King of Sutras, the Lotus Sutra, and that everyone should just wait quietly.

Volume 1 of the Preface to the Lotus Sutra of Wonderful Dharma, Dunhuang Document S.437

The above is the record of the Preface to the Lotus Sutra. After that, Teacher Sakyamuni began to teach the Lotus Sutra.

Taking “Convenience Products” as the core, it uses “Metaphor Products”, “Xinjie Products”, “Herb Metaphor Products”, “Prophecy Products”, “Huacheng Metaphor Products”, “Five Hundred Disciples Received Products” and “Teaching to No Learners”. “Principles” to explain the Mahayana thoughts of “opening, revealing, enlightening, and entering” and “comprehending the three to one”.

Later, as many as 13 interesting stories such as “Master’s Pin” were used to praise the merits of the “Lotus Sutra” and to enhance the mysterious color of the Lotus Sutra.

Finally, through the stories of several great Bodhisattvas, the belief and role of the Lotus Sutra is promoted. Among them is the “Avalokitesvara Bodhisattva Universal Door Edition”, which promotes the content that the Great Merciful and Great Compassionate Avalokitesvara Bodhisattva can relieve all sufferings, and is well received by the world. It was highly praised and later became the single version of “Avalokiteśvara Sutra”.

The second year of Long Live Tianchi (696), the end of the Avalokitesvara Sutra, Dunhuang Document S.217

The Lotus Sutra was produced approximately before the first century BC in ancient India. It can be seen from the stone carvings of statues unearthed from the Wanfo Temple in Chengdu, Sichuan. As early as the second year of Yuanjia in the Liu Song Dynasty (425) in the Southern Dynasty, the “Avalokitesvara Bodhisattva Universal Door” was carved. in disguise.

According to Tang Zhisheng’s “Kaiyuan Buddhism Records”, the “Lotus Sutra” has been translated into Chinese six times, and three of the Chinese translations have survived. The “Zhengfahua Sutra” translated by Zhu Fahu of the Western Jin Dynasty and 27 volumes in ten volumes and translated by Yao Qin and Kumarajiva are now in existence. “The Lotus Sutra” in seven volumes and twenty-eight chapters, and three translations of “The Lotus Sutra of the Wonderful Dharma” co-translated by the two masters Janahota and Gupta in the Sui Dynasty.

Avalokitesvara Bodhisattva in Hua Dharma Sutra saves people from flood disaster, Cave 420 of Mogao Grottoes, Sui Dynasty

There are three extant translations of the Lotus Sutra, and the content is roughly the same. The most popular version in later generations is Kumarajiva’s translation of the Lotus Sutra. All three translations have universal editions, but the order of the editions is slightly reversed.

“Zhengfahua Sutra Pumenpin” is translated by Guanshiyin as “Guangshiyin” and Ershi as “Su”. In addition to the different translations of words and sentences, the Zhufahu version and the Jiu version do not repeat the “gatha” of the sutra. The “verse” that repeats the scriptures in the Jiu version that we see now was added by more than two translations in later generations. There are three surviving versions of the “Avalokitesvara Bodhisattva’s Universal Door Sutra” that describe how to save people from fire disasters, flood disasters, sea disasters, swords and sticks Hardly similar.

Compared with the Jiu Guoshi version and the Erduo translation, there is almost no big difference. Jiu Guoshi’s version with only the preface is “Twenty-fifth”, while Erduo’s translation is “Twenty-fourth”.

Except for some differences in words, the two translations repeated the verse “verse” before it read: “At that time, Bodhisattva Zhuangzhengzhuan asked Bodhisattva Infinite Meaning: ‘Son of Buddha, for what reason is the name Avalokitesvara?’ Avalokitesvara Bodhisattva went to Wish the Sea and told the Majestic Banner Bodhisattva: “Buddha, listen carefully to what Avalokitesvara Bodhisattva has done.” The Bodhisattva asked one question.

The Avalokitesvara Sutra, Cave 112 of Mogao Grottoes, mid-Tang Dynasty

The “Avalokitesvara Sutra” is the main classic of Guanyin belief in China. It says that as long as you wholeheartedly believe in, worship, praise and recite the name of Guanyin, you can receive protection and rescue, relieve all suffering and fulfill your wishes.

Buddhist scriptures create a picture of Guanshiyin Bodhisattva who is very compassionate and rescues those who are in trouble, to save accidents that may happen at any time in real life.

Avalokitesvara Bodhisattva can rescue irresistible natural or external dangers, which was extremely attractive propaganda to ancient believers.

When you encounter danger and recite the name of Avalokitesvara, the Bodhisattva will immediately come to rescue you. This is why everyone in ancient times recited the name of Avalokitesvara.

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